Chanda, Abhijit and Singha Roy, Rajdeep and Xue, Weichung and Bose, Susmita and Bandyopadhyay, Amit (2009) Bone cell-materials interaction on alumina ceramics with different grain sizes. Materials Science & Engineering C-Biomimetic and Supramolecular Systems, 29 (4). pp. 1201-1206. ISSN 0928-4931

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The objective of this work was to study adhesion, proliferation and differentiation of osteoblast cells (OPC1) on alumina ceramic, a bio-inert material. Alumina ceramic with different average grain sizes. 1 mu m and 12 mu m, respectively, were used in as-prepared condition without any grinding and polishing to understand the influence of grain size on cell-material interactions. Scanning electron microscopy and confocal imaging were used to study attachment, adhesion and differentiation of OPCl cells. Cells attached, proliferated and differentiated well on both the substrates. Adhesion of cells, as assessed by observing the production of vinculin, was found to be a consistent phenomenon on both the substrates. On day 5 of cell culture, significant cell-attachment was observed and vinculin was detected throughout cytoplasm. MTT assay showed that proliferation of OPC1 cells was consistently higher in the case of 12 mu m-alumina. Cells of different morphology. nodular, plate-like as well as elongated, were found to get anchored at grains, grain boundaries as well as pores. On day 16, there were clear signs of mineralization as well. Over all, alumina with average grain size of 12 mu m showed better cell-attachment, growth and differentiation compared to 1 mu m grain size samples. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alumina; OPC1 cell; Attachment; Differentiation; Proliferation
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Divisions: Bioceramics & Coating
Depositing User: Ashok K Podder
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2012 05:35
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2012 12:04

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