Chatterjee, Minati and Naskar, Milan Kanti and Patra, Amitava (2003) On the conditions of synthesis of nanocrystalline cadmium sulphide (CdS) particles by an emulsion technique. Transactions of the Indian Ceramic Society, 62 (2). pp. 100-105. ISSN 0371-750X

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Nanocrystalline CdS particles with a size range of 8-30 nm and mean size of about 14 nm were synthesized following an waterin-oil type emulsion technique at 80° ± 1°C under mechanical agitation and sonication. An ionic impurity-free non ionic surfactant of high hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) value of 15, i.e., polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate (Tween 80), was used as the emulsifying agent. The effects of Cd2+ ion concentration, mechanical agitation, sonication and calcination temperature on particle formation were examined. The synthesized particles were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), particle size analysis, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and photoluminescence (PL) study. TEM indicated the formation of nanosized particles. In the absence of mechanical agitation during particle formation, submicrometre-sized particles with a bimodal distribution were noticed, while in the absence of sonication, larger particles of mean size 49 nm were developed. Cubic CdS peaks were identified by XRD in the synthesized powders. XRD also indicated the crystallite size of about 3 nm in the asprepared CdS particles. The crystallite size increased with the increase in calcination temperature and Cd2+ ion concentrations. Photoluminescence spectra of different samples indicated that with increasing concentration of Cd2+ ions surface defect states are reduced.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Depositing User: Subhra Lahiri
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2012 05:55
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2015 07:40

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