Banerjee, Suparna and Bumajdad, Ali and Sujatha Devi, P (2011) Nanoparticles of antimony doped tin dioxide as a liquid petroleum gas sensor: effect of size on sensitivity. Nanotechnology, 22 (27). Article No-275506 . ISSN 0957-4484

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (786Kb) | Request a copy


The gas sensitivity exhibited by nanoparticles of 1 wt% Pd catalysed antimony doped tin dioxide (ATO) prepared by a citrate-nitrate process is reported here. The reduction of particle size to < 3 nm, a dimension smaller than double the thickness of the charge depletion layer, has resulted in an exceptionally high butane sensitivity and selectivity. The sensitivity and selectivity of ATO particles of different sizes unequivocally proved that reducing the size of particles to below twice the Debye length dimension produces materials with exceptionally high sensitivity and selectivity for sensor applications. The sensitivity of the samples towards 1000 ppm butane varied in the order 98% > 55% > 47%, for CNP > SP > CP samples having crystallite sizes of the order of 2.4 nm to 18 nm to 25 nm, respectively. The ATO nanoparticles exhibited not only a remarkable increase in gas sensitivity of around 98% towards 1000 ppm butane at 350 degrees C, but also a preferential selectivity to butane compared to other gases such as CO, CO(2), SO(2), CH(4) and H(2). In addition to the exceptionally high sensitivity and selectivity, the developed sensors also exhibited an improved response time and long term stability, which are of paramount importance for practical device development.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Electronics > Dielectrics and Conductors
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2012 12:01
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2016 08:58

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item