Pramanik, Sourav and Pal, Sudipto and Bysakh, Sandip and De, Goutam (2011) CuxNi12x alloy nanoparticles embedded SiO2 films: synthesis and structure. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 13 (1). pp. 321-329. ISSN 1388-0764

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Cu–Ni fcc alloy nanoparticles (NPs) of tunable atomic ratios were generated in SiO2 films. The films were prepared using the Cu(NO3)2 and Ni(NO3)2 co-doped inorganic–organic hybrid silica sols by single dipping. Transparent, crack-free, glassy SiO2 films of 310 ± 10 nm in thickness embedded with high mol percent of Cu–Ni alloy NPs were yielded after annealing at 750 �C in 10% H2-90% Ar atmosphere. Nominal compositions of the films were 20 mol% (Cu–Ni)-80 mol% SiO2. Optical spectral study of the heat-treated films showed disappearance of Cu plasmon bands due to Cu–Ni alloy formation. Grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXRD) studies revealed the formation of Cu–Ni alloy (2:1, 1:1 and 1:2) NPs inside the SiO2 film. GIXRD showed a systematic shifting of the diffraction peaks with respect to the fcc Cu–Ni alloy composition, maintaining the nominal ratios. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies of the representative Cu0.5Ni0.5-doped film showed existence of homogeneously dispersed Cu–Ni alloy NPs of average size 6.35 nm inside the SiO2 matrix. The energy dispersive X-ray scattering (EDX) analysis of the individual NPs using the nano-probe (scanning TEM mode) confirmed the presence of both the Cu and Ni with the desired atomic ratio.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sol-gel ; Cu–Ni alloys; SiO2 thin film; Nanoparticles; Nanocomposite films
Subjects: Processing Science
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2012 07:27
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2012 07:27

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