Raja, Mir Wasim and Mahanty, Sourindra and Ghosh, P and Basu, Rajendra Nath and Maiti, Himadri Sekhar (2007) Alanine-assisted low-temperature combustion synthesis of nanocrystalline LiMn2O4 for lithium-ion batteries. Materials Research Bulletin, 42 (8). pp. 1499-1506. ISSN 0025-5408

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Nanocrystalline LiMn2O4 powders have been synthesized by combustion process in a single step using a novel fuel, L-alanine. Thermogravimetric analysis and differential thermal analysis of the gel indicate a sharp combustion at a temperature as low as 149 degrees C. Quantitative phase analysis of X-ray diffraction data shows about 97% of phase purity in the as-synthesized powder, which on further calcination at 700 degrees C becomes single phase LiMn2O4. High Brunauer, Emmett, and Teller surface area values obtained for ash (53 m(2)/g) and calcined powder (23 m(2)/g) indicate the ultrafine nature of the powder. Average crystallite size is found to be similar to 60-70 nm from X-ray diffraction analysis and transmission electron microscopy. Fourier transformed infra-red spectrum shows two strong bands at 615 and 511 cm(-1) originating from asymmetrical stretching of MnO6 octahedra. A nominal composition of Li-0.88 Mn2O4 is calculated from the inductive coupled plasma analysis. From UV-vis spectroscopy, an optical band gap of 1.43 eV is estimated which is assigned to a transition between t(2g) and e(g) bands of Mn 3d. Electrochemical charge-discharge profiles show typical LiMn2O4 behavior with a specific capacity of 76 mAh/g.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Oxides; Sol–gel chemistry; X-ray diffraction; Optical properties
Subjects: Electronics
Divisions: Fuel Cell and Battery
Depositing User: Namita Dutta
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2012 11:55
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2014 08:55
URI: http://cgcri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/578

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