Hazra, Snehamoyee and Ghatak, Ankita and Ghosh, Arnab and Sengupta, Subhamita and Raychaudhuri, A K and Ghosh, Barnali (2023) Enhanced piezoelectric response in BTO NWs-PVDF composite through tuning of polar phase content. Nanotechnology, 34 (4). Art No-045405. ISSN 0957-4484

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We have fabricated a flexible, environment friendly piezoelectric nanogenerator (PENG) based on the ferroelectric Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) composite incorporated with Barium titanate (BaTiO3) nanowires (NWs) of piezoelectric coefficient d (33) = 308 pm V-1. The single-layered PENG can deliver output power density of 10 mu W cm(-2) and an output voltage of 2 V with a nominal mechanical load of 1 kPa. BaTiO3 (BTO) NWs of different concentrations were incorporated into PVDF to tune the polar phase content, internal resistance, and optimize the output power. We show that there exists a critical value of BTO NWs loading of 15 wt%, beyond which the piezoelectric energy harvesting characteristics of the PVDF nanocomposites decrease. The oxygen vacancies present in the BTO NWs surface attract the fluorine ions of PVDF chain and favour the formation of beta phase. The enhanced value of dielectric constant and dielectric loss of BTO-PVDF samples in the low frequency region suggest strong interfacial polarization in the composite system. The fabricated PENG can charge a super-capacitor up to 4 V within 35 s. The origin of the high power output from the BTO (15 wt%)-PVDF composite is attributed to the combined effect of enhanced polar phase content, strong interfacial polarization, and reduced internal resistance. This study provides an effective pathway in enhancing the performance of BTO-PVDF based piezoelectric energy harvesters.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Electronics
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2023 10:54
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2023 10:54
URI: http://cgcri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/5551

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