Mondal, Suvankar and Maiti, Soumen and Paul, Tufan and Sahoo, Aditi and Bhattacharjee, Souvik and Das, Nirmalya Sankar and Chattopadhyay, Kalyan Kumar (2022) All-inorganic halide perovskite tuned robust mechanical-energy harvester: Self driven posture monitor and power source for portable electronics. applied materials today, 26. Art No-101385. ISSN 2352-9407

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Scavenging electric power at ambient from biomechanical movements and mechanical vibrations using piezoelectric nanogenerators (PNGs) has become an accessible energy alternative for the development of self-powered electronic systems and miniaturized power sources for small-scale wearable/portable devices. Here, caesium lead chloride (CsPbCl3)-embedded beta-phase comprising polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) hybrid films turns to a suitable functional material for piezoelectric-based mechanical energy harvesters. Incorporation of CsPbCl3 in the PVDF matrix enables high crystallinity and nucleation of electroactive beta-phase similar to 86% in the PVDF with piezoelectric coefficient d(33) of 49 pm/V, much higher as compared to pristine PVDF. Dielectric study as a function of perovskite concentration at room temperature reveals dielectric constant of similar to 66 and low dissipation factor of 0.21 at 1 kHz for optimized hybrid. Saturated ferroelectric P-E hysteresis loop analysis of the synthesized samples indicates variation in remanent polarization with perovskite content. The fabricated PNG delivered instantaneous output voltage of 168 V and peak-to-peak output current of 2 mu A. High sensitivity of the flexible PNGs enables us to measure even a slight deformation due to bending by 2 degrees. Considering its good flexibility and high electrical output performance, optimized PNG was utilized for the fabrication of wearable self-powered posture sensor to monitor regular movement of our spine. Walking based wearable PNGs are also devised for powering up normal android mobile phone batteries. Fatigue test of PNG for continuous 10,000 cycle operation, even after 5 months from the fabrication time, highlights its robustness. Considering such simple and unique amalgamation of polymer and perovskite, these highly flexible PNGs can be easily integrated in portable electronic devices and with the advantage of biomechanical movements as the source of power. (C) 2022 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Electronics
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2023 10:37
Last Modified: 14 Sep 2023 10:37

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