Aggarwal, Vishal Kumar and Sett, Shaili and Sau, Jyotirmoy and Ghatak, Ankita and Kumar, Manoranjan and Singha, Achintya and Raychaudhuri, A K (2022) Phonons and Thermal Properties of Ge Nanowires: A Raman Spectroscopy Investigation and Phonon Simulations. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 126 (35). pp. 15046-15056. ISSN 1932-7447

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We have investigated phonon an harmonicity related thermal properties e.g., coefficient of thermal expansion (alpha), Gruneisen parameter (gamma), and phonon mean free path as limited by Umklapp scattering (lambda(mfp))] for Ge nanowires (NWs) using temperature-dependent Raman spectroscopy as well as phonon dynamics simulations. The experiments were carried out in two types of NW ensembles. One type of NWs has only the native oxide layer on Ge, and the other type has relatively thicker GeO2 on the surface forming a core-shell structure. The temperature-dependent shift of the LO/TO Raman line of Ge (300 cm(-1)) was used to determine the alpha gamma product in the temperature range of 80-800 K. The alpha gamma product is enhanced compared to that observed in the bulk crystalline Ge over the whole temperature range. The experimental work was complimented by phonon simulations with quasi-harmonic approximation using density functional perturbation theory. The simulation allowed us to determine the thermodynamic parameters like bulk modulus, specific heat capacity (C-v), alpha, and gamma. We have determined the anharmonicity coefficients and phonon lifetimes in Ge NWs and also estimated the lambda(mfp) arising from phonon-phonon scattering (Umklapp process). Comparison of the computed thermal parameters with the experimental data allowed us to place a confidence limit on the calculated parameters, which was used to separate out the two parameters alpha and gamma for the NWs from the observed alpha gamma product. The enhancement of alpha, in particular, in the Ge NWs has been explained as arising from significant softening of theta(D) in the NWs as observed from the low temperature C-v calculated from the phonon simulations. Comparison of the computed phonon density of states shows appearance of excess weights in the phonon spectrum, which contributes to enhancement of heat capacity in NWs compared to that in the bulk.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Physical Properties
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2023 04:43
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2023 04:43

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