Mazumder, R and Ghosh, S and Mondal, P and Bhattacharya, Dipten and Dasgupta, S and Das, N and Tyagi, A K and Sivakumar, M and Takami, T and Ikuta, H (2006) Particle size dependence of magnetization and phase transition near T-N in multiferroic BiFeO3. Journal of Applied Physics, 100 (3). ISSN 0021-8979

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We report results of a comprehensive study of the phase transition at T-N (similar to 643 K) as a function of particle size in multiferroic BiFeO3 system. We employed electrical, thermal, and temperature dependent x-ray diffraction studies in order to characterize the transition in a host of samples. We also carried out detailed magnetic measurements over a temperature regime of 2-300 K under a magnetic field of 100-10 000 Oe both on bulk and nanocrystalline systems. While in the bulk system a sharp endothermic peak at T-N together with a broad feature, ranging over nearly similar to 100 K (Delta T), could be observed in calorimetry, the nanoscale systems exhibit only the broad feature. The characteristic dielectric anomaly, expected at T-N, is found to occur both at T-O and T-N across Delta T in the bulk sample. The Maxwell-Wagner component due to interfaces between heterogenous regions with different conductivities is also present. The magnetic properties, measured at lower temperature, corroborate our observations in calorimetry. The metastability increases in the nanoscale BiFeO3 with divergence between zero-field cooled and field cooled magnetizations below similar to 100 K and faster magnetic relaxation. Interestingly, in nanoscale BiFeO3 one also observes finite coercivity at lower temperature, which points out that suitable design of particle size and shape may induce ferromagnetism. The inhomogeneous distribution of Bi/Fe ions and/or oxygen nonstoichiometry seems to be giving rise to broad features in thermal, magnetic as well as electrical responses

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Depositing User: Mrs Chandana Patra
Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2011 10:53
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2016 09:33

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