Varak, P and Mrazek, J and Jasim, A A and Bysakh, S and Dhar, A and Kamradek, M and Podrazky, O and Kasik, I and Barton, I and Nekvindova, P (2021) Thermal stability and photoluminescence properties of RE-doped (RE = Ho, Er, Tm) alumina nanoparticles in bulk and fiber-optic silica glass. Optical Materials , 118. Art No-111239. ISSN 0925-3467

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We present the thermal stability and the photoluminescence properties of RE-doped (RE = Ho, Er, Tm) alumina nanoparticles in the phase system Al2O3-SiO2 with respect to the chemical composition and the thermal processing conditions applied in the fiber-optic technology. The alumina and silica soot reacted together to form mullite when the Al2O3 concentration was higher than 5 mol. %. We have demonstrated that the solubility limits of RE ions in the mullite nanocrystals are strongly limited. The RE ions preferentially occupy highly disordered positions on the nanoparticle surface or in the amorphous Al3+-enriched shell around the nanoparticles, exhibiting maximal lifetime of approx. 1.2 ms, 10.0 ms and 0.6 ms in the Ho-, Er- and Tm-doped samples. Rapid cooling of the samples with stoichiometric composition 3Al2O3.2SiO2 managed to prepare highly defective mullite nanocrystals with embedded RE ions, exhibiting promising photoluminescence lifetimes of 5.6 ms and 2.4 ms in the case of Ho3+ and Tm3+ ions, respectively. In optical fibers with 5 mol. % Al2O3, the formation of amorphous Al3+-enriched nanoparticles was observed and the photoluminescence lifetime was in a good agreement with corresponding bulk samples. Exploitation of the RE-doped stoichiometric mullite in the fiberoptic technology may be a perspective way to improve the photoluminescence efficiency of active optical fibers for high-power applications.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Processing Science
Divisions: Fiber Optics and Photonics
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 23 Dec 2021 11:45
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2021 11:45

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