Lee, Yin-Wen and Chen, Chien-Ming and Chuang, Wei-Hsiang and Cho, Ching-Yi and Yu, Cheng-Hsien and Paul, Mukul Chandra (2021) Highly efficient mode-locked and Q-switched Er3+-doped fiber lasers using a gold nanorod saturable absorber. Scientific Reports, 11 (1). Art No-20079. ISSN 2045-2322

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Mode-locked and Q-switched pulsed fiber laser sources with wavelengths of 1.55 mu m are widely used in various fields. Gold nanorods (GNRs) have been applied in biomedicine and optics owing to their biocompatibility, easy fabrication, and unique optical properties. This paper presents the analysis of a saturable absorber based on a colloidal gold nanorod (GNR) thin film for dual-function passively mode-locked and Q-switched 1.55-mu m fiber lasers. The colloidal GNR thin film possesses superior properties such as a wide operating wavelength range, large nonlinear absorption coefficient, and a picosecond-order recovery time. Its modulation depth and saturation intensity at 1.55 mu m are 7.8% and 6.55 MW/cm(2), respectively. Passive mode-locked or Q-switched laser operation is achieved by changing the number of GNR thin-film layers. The advantages of these high-quality GNRs in mode-locked and Q-switched fiber lasers with record-high slope efficiency are verified by conducting comprehensive material and laser dynamic analyses. The self-starting mode-locked fiber laser with an efficiency as high as 24.91% and passively Q-switched fiber laser with the maximum energy of 0.403 mu J are successfully demonstrated. This paper presents the novel demonstration of reconfigurable mode-locked and Q-switched all-fiber lasers by incorporating colloidal GNR thin films.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Processing Science
Divisions: Fiber Optics and Photonics
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 22 Dec 2021 10:07
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2021 10:07
URI: http://cgcri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/5290

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