Ghosh, Srabanti and Amariei, Georgiana and Mosquera, Marta E G and Rosal, Roberto (2021) Conjugated polymer nanostructures displaying highly photoactivated antimicrobial and antibiofilm functionalities. Journal of Materials Chemistry B, 9 (21). pp. 4390-4399. ISSN 2050-750X

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This work reports the use of conjugated polymer nanostructures (CPNs) as photoactivated antimicrobial compounds against Gram-positive and Gram-negative microorganisms. Two representative CPNs of polythiophene (PEDOT) and polyaniline (PANI) were prepared as nanofibres with an average diameter of 40 nm and length in the micrometer range. Both CPNs exhibited strong antimicrobial activity under UVA irradiation with the same fluence rate as the UVA component of the solar spectrum. The effect was tested using the Gram-positive bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and the Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli. The reduction of colony forming units (CFUs) reached >6 log for PEDOT concentrations as low as 33 ng mL(-1). For PEDOT nanofibers, a complete inhibition of S. aureus and E. coli growth was reached at 883 ng mL(-1) and 333 ng mL(-1) respectively. The photoactivation effect of PANI nanofibres on S. aureus and E. coli was also high, with a CFU reduction of about 7 log and 4 log respectively for an exposure concentration of 33 ng mL(-1). The antimicrobial activity was only high under light irradiation and was almost negligible for bulk PEDOT and PANI. The effect of polymeric nanofibers could be attributed to the photoinduced generation of reactive oxygen species, which may induce cell membrane damage, eventually leading to bacterial impairment and inhibition of their biofilm forming capacity. CPN PEDOT and PANI coatings were able to keep surfaces free of bacterial attachment and growth even after 20 h of previous contact with exponentially growing cultures in the dark. PEDOT and PANI CPNs demonstrated good cytocompatibility with human fibroblasts and the absence of hemolytic activity. The materials demonstrated advantages in terms of broad antibacterial spectrum, biofilm inhibition, and the absence of acute toxicity for biomedical applications.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Electronics
Divisions: Fuel Cell and Battery
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 16 Dec 2021 12:22
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2021 12:22

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