Chakraborty, Nirman and Ghose, Pradeepta Kumar and Rudra, Pratyasha and Das, Sagnik and Saha, Debdulal and Mishra, Ajay K and Sanyal, Ambarish and Mondal, Swastik (2021) Dopant-induced cationic bivalency in hierarchical antimony-doped tin oxide nano-particles for room-temperature SO2 sensing. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 38 (37). pp. 21824-21834. ISSN 2050-7488

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The modification of simultaneously existing multiple oxidation states in host lattice cations via the introduction of dopants has been reported for NiO- and Co3O4-based gas-sensing materials. However, SnO2, a widely used material for chemiresistive gas sensing has never been reported with simultaneous presence of Sn2+ and Sn4+ states, in both the absence and presence of dopants. In this work, we demonstrated how antimony doping in a 3+ state triggers the generation of cationic bivalency in tin oxide-based gas sensors, and it is the quantitative presence of unstable Sn2+ species that determines the fate of SO2-sensing responses by antimony-doped tin oxide gas sensors. While the Sn2+ content in Sn0.856Sb0.144O2 is 1.2 times less than that of Sn0.957Sb0.043O2, the SO2 sensing response in the former is 1.2 times more than that in the latter. Greater antimony content in Sn0.856Sb0.144O2 also leads to the generation of additional trap states that result in sequential return of electrons back into the valence band. The reversibility of Sn2+ ↔ Sn4+ during SO2 adsorption and desorption brings out a new dimension of SnO2-based chemiresistors besides those already existing.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Electronics
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2021 05:07
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2021 05:07

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