Halder, R and Bandyopadhyay, S (2020) Effect of cation ratio on microstructure and optical absorbance of magnesium aluminate spinel. Materials Research Express , 7 (1). Art No-015065. ISSN 2053-1591

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This work is pertaining to the synthesis of fine magnesium aluminate spinel (MgAl2O4) powders of varied trivalent:bivalent cation ratio along line of homogeneity of the solid solution (MgO. xAl(2)O(3), x = 1, 1.25, 1.50, 1.75, and 2) via gel combustion method. Magnesium- and aluminum- nitrate were used as the oxidants in combustion reaction fuelled by urea in combination with stoichiometric formaldehyde solution acting as reductant. Synthesized powders were characterized in terms of microscopic analysis and optical absorbance measurements. The cation ratio, through a change in gel structure influences the nature of crystallization of the product, while on the other hand does not affect grain shapes and sizes. Distinct enhancement in both absorption intensity and the corresponding estimated energy band gap has been observed against increasing excess than stiochiometric alumina concentrations. Evaluated optical band gaps were widened in proportion to the Al: Mg ratio which may be attributed to Burstein-Moss effect in consequence of substitutional insertion of introduced Al3+ ions in spinel lattices.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Divisions: Non-Oxide Ceramics & Composites
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2021 10:22
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2021 10:22
URI: http://cgcri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/4987

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