Sharma, Vidushi and Bose, Suryasarathi and Kundu, Biswanath and Bodhak, Subhadip and Mitun, Das and Balla, Vamsi Krishna and Basu, Bikramjit (2020) Probing the Influence of gamma-Sterilization on the Oxidation, Crystallization, Sliding Wear Resistance, and Cytocompatibility of Chemically Modified Graphene-Oxide-Reinforced HDPE/UHMWPE Nanocomposites and Wear Debris. ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering, 6 (3). pp. 1462-1475. ISSN 2373-9878

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Osteolysis and aseptic loosening due to wear at the articulating interfaces of prosthetic joints are considered to be the key concerns for implant failure in load-bearing orthopedic applications. In an effort to reduce the wear and processing difficulties of ultrahigh-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE), our research group recently developed high-density polyethylene (HDPE)/UHMWPE nanocomposites with chemically modified graphene oxide (mGO). Considering the importance of sterilization, this work explores the influence of gamma-ray dosage of 25 kGy on the clinically relevant performance-limiting properties of these newly developed hybrid nanocomposites in vitro. Importantly, this work also probes into the cytotoxic effects of the wear debris of different compositions and sizes on MC3T3 murine osteoblasts and human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). In particular, gamma-ray-sterilized 1 wt % mGO-reinforced HDPE/UHMWPE nanocomposites exhibit an improvement in the oxidation index (16%), free energy of immersion (-12.1 mN/m), surface polarity (5.0%), and hardness (42%). Consequently, such enhancements result in better tribological properties, especially coefficient of friction (+13%) and wear resistance, when compared with UHMWPE. A spectrum of analyses using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and in vitro cytocompatibility assessment demonstrate that phagocytosable (0.5-4.5 mu m) sterilized 1 mGO wear particles, when present in culture media at 5 mg/mL concentration, induce neither significant reduction in MC3T3 murine osteoblast and hMSC growth nor cell morphology phenotype, during 24, 48, and 72 h of incubation. Taken together, this study suggests that gamma-ray-sterilized HDPE/UHMWPE/mGO nanocomposites can be utilized as promising articulating surfaces for total joint replacements.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Environment and Pollution
Divisions: Bioceramics & Coating
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2021 09:34
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2021 09:34

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