Sett, Shaili and Aggarwal, Vishal Kumar and Singha, Achintya and Raychaudhuri, A K (2020) Temperature-dependent Thermal Conductivity of a Single Germanium Nanowire Measured by Optothermal Raman Spectroscopy. Physical Review Applied, 13 (5). Art No-054008. ISSN 2331-7019

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We investigate temperature-dependent thermal conductivity kappa (T) in a single Ge nanowire (NW) using optothermal Raman spectroscopy, which utilizes the temperature dependence of Raman lines as a local probe for temperature. The experiment is carried out from 300 K to above 700 K, a temperature range in which thermal conductivity of single NWs has been rarely explored. The thermal conductivity of Ge NWs (grown by vapor-liquid-solid mechanism) at around room temperature is observed to lie in the range 1.8-4.2 W/m K for diameters between 50 and 110 nm. The thermal conductivity at a given temperature is found to follow a linear dependence on NW diameter, suggesting that the low magnitude of kappa (T) is determined by diffused scattering of phonons from the surface of NWs that reduces it severely from its bulk value. kappa (T) shows approximately 1/T behavior which arises from the Umklapp processes. The quantitative estimation of errors arising from the optothermal measurement and methods to mitigate them is discussed. We also suggest a quick way to estimate approximately the thermal conductivity of Ge and Si NWs using the above observations.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Crystal Chemistry, Thermodynamics, Phase Equilibria
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2021 11:18
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2021 11:18

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