Som, Tirtha and Karmakar, Basudeb (2008) Infrared-to-red upconversion luminescence in samarium-doped antimony glasses. Journal of Luminescence, 128 (12). pp. 1989-1996. ISSN 0022-2313

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A new antimony-based glass system (K2O-B2O3-Sb2O3) having low phonon energy (about 600 cm(-1)) doped with Sm3+ ions has been developed. Infrared reflection spectroscopic (IRRS) studies have been employed to establish its low phonon energy. Ultraviolet-Visible-near infrared (UV-Vis-NIR) absorption and photoluminescence upconversion properties with the spectrochemistry of the 15K(2)O-15B(2)O(3)-70Sb(2)O(3) (mol%) glasses have been studied doping with different concentrations (0-1-1-0 wt%) of Sm2O3. UV-Vis-NIR absorption band positions have been justified with quantitative calculation of nephelauxetic parameter and covalent bonding characteristics of the host. NIR to visible upconversion has been investigated by exciting at 949 nm at room temperature. Three upconverted bands originating from the (4)G(5/2) -> H-6(5/2), (4)G(5/2) -> H-6(5/2) and (4)G(5/2) -> H-6(9/2) transitions are found to be centered at 566 (green, weak), 602 (orange, weak) and 636 (red, remarkably strong)nm, respectively. These bands have been explained from the evaluation of the absorption, normal (down conversion) fluorescence and excitation spectra. The upconversion processes have been explained by the excited state absorption (ESA), energy transfer (ET) and cross-relaxation (CR) mechanisms involving population of the metastable (storage) energy level ((4)G(5/2)) by multiphonon deexcitation effect. It is evident from the IRRS study that the upconversion phenomena are expedited by the low multiphonon relaxation rate in antimony glasses owing to their low phonon energy (602 cm(-1). the main and highest intensity Sb-O-Sb stretching band) which is very close to that of fluoride glasses (500-600 cm(-1)). (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Upconversion; Samarium (III); Antimony glass; UV-Vis-NIR; Nephelauxetic effect; Electronegativity; Covalent bonding; Low phonon glass
Subjects: Glass
Divisions: Glass
Depositing User: Bula Ghosh
Date Deposited: 23 Jan 2012 06:44
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2012 05:29

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