Sahoo, Souvik and Sinha, Arijit and Dasb, Mitun (2020) Synthesis, characterization and in vitro biocompatibility study of strontium titanate ceramic: A potential biomaterial. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 102. Art No-103494. ISSN 1751-6161

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Strontium (Sr), a mineral element present in trace in the human body, has significant effect on bone remodelling. Sr containing ceramics have huge potential to heal bone defects and improve osseointegration of implants. In this study, perovskite oxide – strontium titanate (SrTiO3) was synthesized and explored its potential for biomedical applications. The phase pure SrTiO3 powder was synthesized from solid state reaction of strontium carbonate (SrCO3) and titanium dioxide (TiO2) at 1200 °C for 2 h. The as synthesized SrTiO3 powder, pure hydroxyapatite (HAp) and SrTiO3-50 wt% HAp (SH50) premixed powders were sintered at different temperatures varies from 1100 to 1400 °C in air. The sintered samples were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD) for phases and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) for microstructure analysis. XRD results revealed no dissociation of HAp or reaction with SrTiO3 during sintering. The sintered samples were studied for mechanical properties, wettability, and biocompatibility. The relative density of the sintered SrTiO3 increases with increasing sintering temperature. The relative density of SrTiO3 was increased from 77% to 98% with increase in sintering temperature from 1250 to 1400 °C. The substantial improvement of hardness and compressive strength was observed for sintered SrTiO3 compared to HAp of similar porosity level. The hardness and compressive strength of SrTiO3 sintered at 1250 °C found ~6 and ~3.5 times higher than sintered HAp. In vitro dissolution study carried out in phosphate buffer solution at 37 °C, confirmed the release of Sr2+ ion from the bulk SrTiO3 sintered at 1250 °C. The in vitro cell materials interaction showed cytocompatibility of sintered SrTiO3 and SrTiO3-HAp composite. In summary, excellent biocompatibility of SrTiO3 with superior mechanical properties confirmed its potential as novel biomaterial for use in the repair of infected or aseptic bone defects.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Divisions: Bioceramics & Coating
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2019 06:58
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2021 05:59

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