Majumder, Abhradeep and Ramrakhiani, Lata and Mukherjee, Debarati and Mishra, Umesh and Halder, Avik and Mandal, Ashis Kumar and Ghosh, Sourja (2019) Green synthesis of iron oxide nanoparticles for arsenic remediation in water and sludge utilization. Clean Technologies And Environmental Policy, 21 (4). pp. 795-813. ISSN 1618-954X

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Iron oxide nanoparticles (IONPs) were synthesized via an affordable and environmentally friendly route using waste banana peel extract. The polyphenol-rich extract acted as a stabilizing and reducing agent resulting in formation of -Fe2O3 with a particle size of around 60nm. The composition, phase, morphology and size of the nanoparticles were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and a Zetasizer. The efficiency of the IONPs was assessed in terms of arsenic(V) remediation from contaminated water within the range of 0.1-2.0mg/L. Batch study showed that IONPs had a high As(V) adsorption capacity of about 2.715mg/g at 40 degrees C. A statistical approach, viz. an artificial neural network, was adapted for modeling and optimization of the process parameters for achieving maximum As(V) removal efficiency. A set of 54 experimental sets were conducted and the predicted model generated showed an R-2 value of 0.9971 and the corresponding mean squared error value was 0.0000601. Surface binding of the As(V) phenomenon on the green synthesized IONPs was explained on the basis of FTIR spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy of the control and the As(V)-loaded IONPs.The spent adsorbent was successfully immobilized in phosphate glass matrix with an objective to provide a complete and sustainable solution for arsenic contamination.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Environment and Pollution
Divisions: Ceramic Membrane
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2019 07:43
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2020 05:30

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