Dutta, Sourav and Devi, K Bavya and Gupta, Sanjay and Kundu, Biswanath and Balla, Vamsi Krishna and Roy, Mangal (2019) Mechanical and in vitro degradation behavior of magnesium-bioactive glass composites prepared by SPS for biomedical applications. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B-Applied Biomaterials, 107 (2). pp. 352-365. ISSN 1552-4981

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In order to make magnesium (Mg) a successful candidate for fracture fixation devices, it is imperative to control the corrosion rate and enhance its elastic modulus. In the present work, we have prepared bioactive glass (BG) reinforced magnesium composite using spark plasma sintering (SPS). Simultaneous application of heat and pressure during SPS decreased the softening point of BG (600 degrees C), allowing it to coat the Mg particles partially. As a result, BG was found along the Mg particle boundaries, which was confirmed by elemental mapping. Addition of BG improved microhardness and elastic modulus of Mg-BG composites. Corrosion behavior was studied by hydrogen evolution and immersion corrosion in phosphate buffered saline (PBS). After 64 h of immersion, Mg-10 wt % BG composite showed highest corrosion resistance. Quantitative micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) results indicated porosity increase in Mg-BG composites during immersion. The maximum increase in porosity (1.66%) was noticed for pure Mg while the minimum for Mg-10 wt % BG composite. MG63 cell-material interactions, using extract method, showed good cytocompatibility for Mg-10 wt % BG composite. The concentration of Mg ion in cell culture media was measured using atomic absorption spectroscopy after 24 h immersion of Mg/BG composites. The results indicated that using BG as reinforcement and SPS as sintering method; we can prepare corrosion resistant and high modulus Mg-BG composites that can be used for fabricating bone fracture fixation plates. (c) 2018 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 107B: 352-365, 2019.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Environment and Pollution
Divisions: Bioceramics & Coating
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2019 09:35
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2019 09:35
URI: http://cgcri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/4595

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