Anand, Akrity and Lalzawmliana, V. and Kumar, Vinod and Das, Piyali and Devi, K Bavya and Maji, Asit Kumar and Kundu, Biswanath and Roy, Mangal and Nandi, Samit Kumar (2019) Preparation and in vivo biocompatibility studies of different mesoporous bioactive glasses. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 89. pp. 89-98. ISSN 1751-6161

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A new generation of nanostructured glasses called mesoporous bioactive glasses (MBGs) exhibit superior surface texture, porosity and bioactive characteristics. The present study is carried out to develop and detailed characterize of ternary SiO2-CaO-P2O5 MBG structure, fabricated by three different variations using different surfactants, e.g., hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB), poly-ethylene glycol,(PEG) and Pluronic P123. After thorough physico-chemical characterization, MBG granules were investigated for in vivo bone regeneration in animal bone defect model (rabbit) where standard S53P4 bioactive glass was used as control. All the synthesized MBG powders showed nano-range median particle size of 80-120 nm (MBG-CTAB), 50-70 nm (MBG-PEG and MBG-P123) while their specific surface area as 473.2, 52.2 and 169.3 m(2)/g respectively. All MBGs showed mesoporous nature corroborating transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observation as well. Bone regeneration property was measured after 45 and 90 days post-implantation at distal epiphysis of rabbit femur by radiography, histology, fluorochrome labeling, micro computed tomography (micro-CT) and vital organ histology. Results from in vivo studies indicated that the MBG materials produce minimal toxicity to the body. Furthermore, the biocompatibility and biodegradability of the implant makes them more suitable for application in bone tissue engineering. Among various implants, MBG fabricated using suitable surfactant (CTAB) shown the best result compared to other implants. Nonetheless, all the materials are suitable for application in bone tissue engineering and have potential for bone regeneration and healing.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Glass
Engineering Materials
Divisions: Bioceramics & Coating
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2019 12:35
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2019 12:35

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