Khatua, Chandra and Sengupta, Somoshree and Balla, V K and Kundu, Biswanath and Chakraborti, Ashis and Tripathi, Sudipta (2018) Dynamics of organic matter decomposition during vermicomposting of banana stem waste using Eisenia fetida. Waste Management, 79. pp. 287-295. ISSN 0956-053X

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A better understanding of how dynamics of physical and chemical changes occur during vermicomposting process would be helpful for determining the stability and maturity of vermicompost. For improving the knowledge about this issue several instrumental techniques were used in the present study to analyse the physical and chemical changes as a function of vermicomposting time of banana stem waste (BS) spiked with cow dung (CD) in different proportions using earthworm Eisenia fetida. Chemical analysis by ICP-AES showed gradual increase in the plant nutrients (P, Ca, K, Mg, Fe) up to 60 day of vermicomposting in all the treatments. But among different treatments, K, Mg and Fe were considerably higher in the BS2CD1 blend. The FTIR showed strong NO stretching vibration with increasing BS content signifying the presence of nitrate in the final compost. The TG analysis of final BS-CD composts described the lower mass loss (52–55%) in the final compared to the initial stage due to high level of humification by earthworms. The maturity of the final compost was confirmed by DSC analysis which exhibited lowering of relative intensity of exothermic peaks related to the easily degradable material at 320–330 °C and complex organic moieties at 495–530 °C. Decrease in the humification index (Q4/6, Q2/4, Q2/6) at 60 day confirmed the stability of vermicomposts. All the treatments showed <2 mg CO2-C g−1 vermicompost C day−1 respiration rates and >70% germination indices (GI) for rice and pea seeds. These findings defined a clear comparison between the treatments during vermicomposting in terms of stability and maturity and revealed that BS2CD1 can be utilized as nutrient-rich stable compost for enhanced crop production.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Divisions: Bioceramics &amp; Coating
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2019 11:23
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2019 11:23

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