Biswas, Nilormi and Samanta, Aniruddha and Podder, Soumik and Ghosh, Chandan Kumar and Ghosh, Jiten and Das, Mitun and Mallik, Awadesh Kumar and Mukhopadhyay, Anoop Kumar (2018) Phase pure, high hardness, biocompatible calcium silicates with excellent anti-bacterial and biofilm inhibition efficacies for endodontic and orthopaedic applications. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials, 86. pp. 264-283. ISSN 1751-6161

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Here we report for the very first time the synthesis of 100% phase pure calcium silicate nanoparticles (CSNPs) of the alpha-wollastonite phase without using any surfactant or peptizer at the lowest ever reported calcination temperature of 850 degrees C. Further, the phase purity is confirmed by quantitative phase analysis. The nano-network like microstructure of the CSNPs is characterized by FTIR, Raman, XRD, FESEM, TEM, TGA, DSC etc. techniques to derive the structure property correlations. The performance efficacies of the CSNPs against gram-positive e.g., S. pyogenes and S. aureus (NCIM2127) and gram-negative e.g., E. coli (NCIM2065) bacterial strains are studied. The biocompatibility of the CSNPs is established by using the conventional mouse embryonic osteoblast cell line (MC3T3). In addition, the biofilm inhibition efficacies of two varieties of CSNPs e.g., CSNPs(W) and CSNPs(WC) are investigated. Further, the interconnection between ROS e.g., superoxide (O2(center dot-)) and hydroxyl radical ((OH)-O-center dot) generation capabilities of CSNPs and their biofilm inhibition efficacies is clearly established for the very first time. Finally, the mechanical responses of the CSNPs at the microstructural length scale are investigated by nanoindentation. The results confirm that the alpha-wollastonite phases present in CSNPs(W) and CSNPs(WC) possess extraordinarily high nanohardness and Young's moduli values. Therefore, these materials are well suited for orthopaedic and endodontic applications.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2019 07:42
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2019 07:42

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