Bera, Susanta and Lee, Sol A and Kim, Chang-Min and Khan, Hasmat and Jang, Ho Won and Kwon, Se-Hun (2018) Controlled Synthesis of Vertically Aligned SnO2 Nanograss-Structured Thin Films for SnO2/BiVO4 Core-Shell Heterostructures with Highly Enhanced Photoelectrochemical Properties. Chemistry of Materials., 30 (23). pp. 8501-8509. ISSN 0897-4756

[img] PDF - Accepted Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (1415Kb) | Request a copy


Fabrication of semiconductor thin films with uniform and vertically aligned one-dimensional nanostructures is an active area of research. We report the synthesis of vertically aligned nanograss (NG)-structured SnO2 thin films on a wide range of substrates with a vapor-solid deposition process. In this process, some chemical and physical parameters, such as chemical composition, deposition height from the precursor mixture, deposition temperature, and substrate roughness, are found to play key roles during the growth of SnO2 nanograsses (SNGs). The effects of density change and cross-sectional dimension (width) of the nanograsses (NGs) on surface area improvement of the thin films have been examined by varying the respective parameters. BiVO4 (BV) solution layers were coated onto SNG, forming core-shell type-II heterojunction thin films (SNG-BV). The thickness of the drop-cast BiVO4 solution layers onto the NGs was controlled by the number density of the NGs per unit area. Light absorption efficiency (eta(abs)) of the core-shell SNG-BV films has been optimized by controlling quasi-arranged periodicity of the core NGs and accessible shell thickness of BiVO4 layers. The charge separation efficiency (eta(sep)) of SNG-BV films strongly depends on the thickness of the BiVO4 layers onto NGs. Thin layers of BiVO4 coating along the axial direction of thinner SnO2 NGs (25-50 nm) shows enhanced eta(sep) but lower eta(abs) due to poor light absorption. On the other hand, the thicker core NGs (40-200 nm) with low surface area provide thick layers of BiVO4, which drives strong light absorption but suffers from efficient eta(sep). However, intermediate layers of BiVO4 onto uniformly arranged SnO2 NGs with 30-70 nm width shows enhanced eta(abs) as well as efficient eta(sep) compared to other SNG-BV samples. This result demonstrates that control over the horizontal dimension of the core materials in the core-shell heterojunction (keeping vertical restriction) is a viable approach for optimizing the photoelectrochemical efficiency.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2019 08:23
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2019 08:23

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item