Chatterjee, Sandipan and Gupta, Arka and Mohanta, Tamal and Mitra, Rangeet and Samanta, Debasis and Mandal, Asit Baran and Majumder, Mousumi and Rawat, Ritu and Singha, Nayan Ranjan (2018) Scalable Synthesis of Hide Substance-Chitosan-Hydroxyapatite: Novel Biocomposite from Industrial Wastes and Its Efficiency in Dye Removal. ACS Omega, 3 (9). pp. 11486-11496. ISSN 2470-1343

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A novel porous polymer-inorganic hybrid bio-composite with various functional groups (hide substance/chitosan/hydroxyapatite) has been synthesized in simple, economic, and scalable process utilizing leather industry solid waste and seafood industry waste composed with hydroxyapatite. Physicochemical characterization of the material reveals formation of composites with homogenous distribution of the constituents in the material matrix. The composite is hard and porous (with 0.1632 cm(3)/g slit-shaped mesopores and micropores) having particle sizes 40-80 mu m and a Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area of 55.54 m(2)/g. The material is polycrystalline in nature with a fair amount of amorphous substance and less hydrophilic in character than constituent polymers. The dye removal efficiency of the material has been tested with two model dyes, namely, methylene blue (MB) (cationic/basic dye) and sunset yellow (SY) (anionic/acid dye). Optimum adsorptions of 3.8 mg MB (pH 12, RT approximate to 27 degrees C) and 168 mg of SY (pH 3, RT approximate to 27 degrees C) have been found per gram of the composite material. Langmuir isotherm and pseudo second order rate models have been found to be the best-fit models to explain the equilibrium isotherm and kinetics of the adsorption process for both the dyes. However, higher and faster adsorption of SY in comparison with MB indicated higher binding efficiency of the material toward the acidic dye. Desorption of dyes from the dye-adsorbed material was studied using a suitable eluent of appropriate pH and recycling for five times showed without loss of efficiency. The prepared composite showed very high dye removal efficiency toward four different commercially used dyes (496 mg/g of Orange-NR, 477 mg/g of Red-VLN, 488 mg/g of Blue-113 dye, and 274 mg/g of Green-PbS dye) from their individual and cocktail solutions. It was also efficient to decolorize dye-bearing tannery exhaust bath. Hence, waste materials generated during industrial processes could be efficiently used for the decontamination of colored wastewater produced by various industries.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Divisions: Nano-Structured Materials
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2018 12:21
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2018 12:21

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