Allu, Amarnath R and Balaji, Sathravada and Illath, Kavya and Hareendran, Chaithanya and Ajithkumar, T G and Biswas, Kaushik and Annapurna, K (2018) Structural elucidation of NASICON (Na3Al2P3O12) based glass electrolyte materials: effective influence of boron and gallium. RSC Advances, 8 (26). pp. 14422-14433. ISSN 2046-2069

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Understanding the conductivity variations induced by compositional changes in sodium super ionic conducting (NASICON) glass materials is highly relevant for applications such as solid electrolytes for sodium (Na) ion batteries. In the research reported in this paper, NASICON-based NCAP glass (Na2.8Ca0.1Al2P3O12) was selected as the parent glass. The present study demonstrates the changes in the Na+ ion conductivity of NCAP bulk glass with the substitution of boron (NCABP: Na2.8Ca0.1Al2B0.5P2.7O12) and gallium (NCAGP: Na2.8Ca0.1Al2Ga0.5P2.7O12) for phosphorus and the resulting structural variations found in the glass network. For a detailed structural analysis of NCAP, NCABP and NCAGP glasses, micro-Raman and magic angle spinning-nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS-NMR) spectroscopic techniques (for P-31, Al-27, Na-23, B-11 and Ga-71 nuclei) were used. The Raman spectrum revealed that the NCAP glass structure is more analogous to the AlPO4 mesoporous glass structure. The P-31 MAS-NMR spectrum illustrated that the NCAP glass structure consists of a high concentration of Q(0) (3Al) units, followed by Q(0) (2Al) units. The Al-27 MAS-NMR spectrum indicates that alumina exists at five different sites, which include AlO4 units surrounded by AlO6 units, Al(OP)(4), Al(OP)(5), Al(OAl)(6) and Al(OP)(6), in the NCAP glass structure. The P-31, Al-27 and B-11 MAS-NMR spectra of the NCABP glass revealed the absence of B-O-Al linkages and the presence of B-3-O-B-4-O-P-4 linkages which further leads to the formation of borate and borophosphate domains. The Ga-71 MAS-NMR spectrum suggests that gallium cations in the NCAGP glass compete with the alumina cations and occupy four (GaO4), five (GaO5) and six (GaO6) coordinated sites. The Raman spectrum of NCAGP glass indicates that sodium cations have also been substituted by gallium cations in the NCAP glass structure. From impedance analysis, the dc conductivity of the NCAP glass (approximate to 3.13 x 10(-8) S cm(-1)) is slightly decreased with the substitution of gallium (approximate to 2.27 x 10(-8) S cm(-1)) but considerably decreased with the substitution of boron (approximate to 1.46 x 10(-8) S cm(-1)). The variation in the conductivity values are described based on the structural changes of NCAP glass with the substitution of gallium and boron.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Electronics
Divisions: Glass
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2018 10:54
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2018 10:54

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