Halder, R and Bandyopadhyay, S (2018) Synthesis of fast sinterable oxygen deficient nano alpha-alumina & its optical properties. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 735. pp. 2092-2101. ISSN 0925-8388

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Nanocrystalline a-alumina powder was prepared successfully following gel combustion process using for the first time the combination of aluminum nitrate as oxidant and urea-formaldehyde as fuel. The combustion reaction was explained through thermal analyses (differential thermal analysis, DTA & thermo-gravimetric analysis, TGA). The synthesized powder was characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (Fourier Transformed Infrared Spectroscopy, FTIR), electron microscopy (Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy, FESEM & Transmission Electron Microscopy, TEM), optical spectra (absorption spectroscopy & photoluminescence, PL), etc. As evidenced from XRD pattern the assynthesized powder was found to be amorphous. Full crystallinity of the as synthesized powder was obtained upon calcination above around 1100 degrees C. Synthesized particles are nanoporous, held in loosely agglomerated mass of nano sized spherical forms with size ranging in general between 50 and 70 nm. The photo luminescent spectrum shows a broad emission band that was deconvoluted into Gaussian sub-components. The resolved emission peaks imply emission from oxygen vacancy related radiative color centers. With heat treatment temperature, the PL intensity diminishes due to reduced defect (oxygen deficiency) concentration in nano-crystals. The presence of large concentration of anion deficiency, related to defects, are reflected in the intense emission of PL spectra and in lowering the band gap value with respect to the bulk counterpart; both phenomena being explained in this text. An initial sintering trial under spark plasma sintering shows the powders are quickly responsive to densification facilitated by the presence of defects. (C) 2017 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 05 Sep 2018 07:41
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2019 07:34
URI: http://cgcri.csircentral.net/id/eprint/4319

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