Mukherjee, Debarati and Bhattacharya, Priyankari and Jana, Animesh and Bhattacharya, Sandipan and Sarkar, Subhendu and Ghosh, Sourja and Majumdar, Swachchha and Swarnakar, Snehasikta (2018) Synthesis of ceramic ultrafiltration membrane and application in membrane bioreactor process for pesticide remediation from wastewater. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 116 (B,Pt B). pp. 22-33. ISSN 0957-5820

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The efficiency of membrane bioreactor (MBR) process involving indigenously developed ceramic membranes was explored for management of wastewater containing toxic pesticides like atrazine. Performance of the MBR process was compared for clay-alumina based ceramic microfiltration membranes (MF-MBR) with that of an indigenously developed new ceramic ultrafiltration membrane (UF-MBR). The OF membrane was prepared on the macroporous support tubes using iron oxide nanoparticles synthesized by green route from Aloe vera leaf extract, with chitosan as matrix and glutaraldehyde as cross-linker. The synthesized membrane was characterized in terms of X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, pore diameter and molecular weight cut off, etc. Microorganisms isolated from activated sludge of a pilot scale MBR plant were optimized to enhance the biodegradation efficiency of atrazine. Compared to the MF-MBR process, the UF-MBR process showed about 15% increase in atrazine removal, lower membrane fouling and complete separation of the biomass in the synthetic system. Performance of the UF-MBR process was further analyzed with domestic and industrial wastewater simulated with atrazine. In addition, toxicity assay of the UF-MBR treated water was performed on an aquatic model, Radix balthica indicating that the permeate could be safely disposed into the environment. (C) 2018 Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Environment and Pollution
Divisions: Ceramic Membrane
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2018 09:05
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2018 09:05

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