Chakraborty, S and Pal, M (2018) Highly efficient novel carbon monoxide gas sensor based on bismuth ferrite nanoparticles for environmental monitoring. New Journal of Chemistry, 42 (9). pp. 7188-7196. ISSN 1144-0546

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Creation of novel functionality in materials is always fascinating for researchers/scientists. Bismuth ferrite (BFO), a well known muItiferroics material with simultaneous magnetic and electric order, is promising for spintronics and memory devices. Herein, we were able to demonstrate for the first time very good carbon monoxide (CO) sensing capability of bismuth ferrite (BFO) nanoparticles prepared through a simple sol-gel technique. Morphological/structural characterization was performed using various standard sophisticated modern probes, which confirms the formation of single phase BFO nanoparticles. The sensing properties of BFO nanoparticles towards CO was tested for concentrations in the range of 5 ppm-30 ppm at different temperatures (between 270 degrees C to 450 degrees C). Very good response (R-g/R-a) of around 2.12 towards 30 ppm CO at an operating temperature of 350 degrees C was observed. The as-prepared sensors exhibited rapid response and recovery time of around 25 s and 13 s, respectively, for sensing 30 ppm CO. In addition, the sensors are selective, highly reproducible and remain quite stable for almost 150 days, which is required for device application. A plausible mechanism has been proposed to explain the CO sensing behaviour of the BFO nanoparticles. On the basis of the observed sensing properties we believe that a BFO nanopartide-based sensor could be a suitable alternative to conventional oxide-based sensors having various difficulties.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Electronics
Divisions: Sensor and Actuator
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 31 Aug 2018 09:17
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2018 09:17

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