Pramanik, Atin and Maiti, Sandipan and Mahanty, Sourindra (2017) Superior lithium storage properties of Fe-2(MoO4)(3)/MWCNT composite with a nanoparticle (0D)-nanorod (1D) hetero-dimensional morphology. Chemical Engineering Journal , 307. pp. 239-248. ISSN 1385-8947

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Synthesis of nanostructures with pre-designed morphology has recently gained tremendous research attention for achieving enhanced performance. Herein, we report synthesis of hetero-dimensional hybrid nanostructure of Fe-2(MoO4)(3) consisting of nanorods (length 90-170 nm, dia similar to 30 nm) in which spherical nanoparticles (dia 5-10 nm) are embedded. We also report the electrochemical properties of synergic Fe-2(MoO4)(3)/MWCNT composites as lithium-ion battery anode for the first time. Here, 1D Fe-2(MoO4)(3) nanorods serve as a strain accommodative matrix imparting stability while the entrenched OD Fe-2(MoO4)(3) nanoparticles offer a large number of active sites yielding high capacity. Due to high surface to volume ratio of the composites, the Li+ ion diffusion length is shortened leading to a faster kinetics and improved the rate performance. Moreover, MWCNT provides an effective conduction network for electron transport during lithiation/delithiation process and at the same time, serves as a strain-buffer preserving mechanical integrity of the composite electrode. This three-way strategy results in a specific capacity of 1321 mAh g(-1) for a 50:50 wt% composite of Fe-2(MoO4)(3) and MWCNT. Even at a high current density of 1.0 mA cm(-2) (1200 mA g(-1)), capacity of 600 mAh g(-1) could be obtained. Further, 82% retention of capacity is observed after 200 cycles at 0.1 mA cm(-2). Importantly, no appreciable change in morphology is observed with discharge-charge cycling. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Electronics
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 31 Jan 2018 09:10
Last Modified: 31 Jan 2018 09:10

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