Maldhure, Atul V and Ekhe, Jayant D (2017) Effect of modifications of lignin on thermal, structural, and mechanical properties of polypropylene/modified lignin blends. Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials , 30 (5). pp. 625-645. ISSN 0892-7057

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Use of organic biomass, industrial waste lignin, was considered interesting due to its easy availability, polymeric nature, and ample scope to modify with an aim to replace conventional metal oxides to achieve improved properties of the blend when blended with polyolefins. To study the effect of chemical modification of lignin on the thermal, structural, and mechanical properties of polypropylene (PP)/modified lignin blends, purified industrial waste lignin was modified by two different chemical methods and blended in various proportions in PP matrix. The thermal stability of the blends was studied by thermogravimetric analysis, whereas melting and crystallization behavior of blends was studied by non-isothermal differential scanning calorimetry. The results show improved thermal stability of blends with increasing modified lignin proportion in the PP matrix. More depression in melting point was observed in PP/alkylated lignin blends than PP/arylated lignin blends, whereas addition of alkylated lignin shows polymorphism in PP matrix. Intermolecular interactions between blend components have been evaluated by applying several mathematical models to experimental mechanical property data. In most of the cases, good agreement has been obtained between the predictions made by using mathematical models and interpretations done on the basis of experimental data, showing the suitability of these models for predicting the mechanical properties of PP/modified lignin blends.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Refractories
Divisions: Refractory
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 25 Jan 2018 11:58
Last Modified: 25 Jan 2018 11:58

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