Adedokun, Oluwaseun and Roy, Anurag and Awodugba, Ayodeji O and Sujatha Devi, P (2017) Fluorescent carbon nanoparticles from Citrus sinensis as efficient sorbents for pollutant dyes. Luminescence, 32 (1). pp. 62-70. ISSN 1522-7235

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Here, we report a simple, green and economic process for the synthesis of highly fluorescent carbon nanoparticles (CPs) through low-temperature carbonization of a fruit waste, Citrus sinensis peel. This approach allows the large-scale production of aqueous CPs dispersions without any additives and post-treatment processes. The as-prepared CPs were of small particle size, exhibited bright blue fluorescence under UV irradiation ((max)=365nm) with excellent colloidal stability in water. The chemical composition, structure and morphology of the as-prepared CPs were analyzed using various spectroscopic techniques such as X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and raman spectroscopy. The formed CPs were turbostratic in nature, with a large number of functional groups on the surface. We explored the adsorption characteristics of the formed CPs for wastewater treatment. Because of the negative surface of the CPs, as evident from the zeta value, it is possible to use them for selective adsorption of the cationic dye methylene blue from a mixture of dyes. The equilibrium adsorption isotherm revealed that the Langmuir model better describes the adsorption process than the Freundlich model. As-prepared CPs rapidly adsorbed similar to 84% of the methylene blue within 1min and can be regenerated and used repeatedly. Copyright (c) 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Divisions: Sensor and Actuator
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2018 09:57
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2018 07:21

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