Nandi, Samit K and Ghosh, Samir K and Kundu, Biswanath and De, Dipak K and Basu, Debabrata (2008) Evaluation of new porous beta-tri-calcium phosphate ceramic as bone substitute in goat model. Small Ruminant Research, 75 (2-3). pp. 144-153. ISSN 0921-4488

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The present study was carried out to evaluate the porous beta-tri-calcium phosphate (TCP) (prepared by aqueous solution combustion technique) as bone substitute and compared with normal healing in 12 adult Black. Bengal goats on the basis of clinical and radiographic findings, histological studies, oxytetracycline labeling, angiography studies (on day 90). Bone defects created in the diaphysis of radius were left unfilled in control animals (group I); while in treated (group II) animals the defects were filled with porous TCP blocks. The three months study showed no marked acute inflammatory reactions in all animals, wound healing was uneventful and the implants were clinically stable in the bone. Radiological studies showed presence of unabsorbed implants which acted as a scaffold for new bone growth across the defect whereas in control animals the defect was more or less same except that the newly formed bony tissue was less organized. Histological section showed moderately differentiated lamellar bone in the cortical part with presence of woven bone at peripheral cortex whereas control animals showed moderate fibro-collagenisation and good amount of marrow material, fat cells and blood vessels. Oxytetracycline labeling study showed crossing over of new bony trabeculae along with presence of resorption cavities within the new osteoid tissues whereas in group I, the process of new bone formation was active from both the ends; the defect site appeared as a homogenous non-fluorescent area. Angiogram of the animals in control showed uniform angiogenesis in the defect site with establishment of trans transplant angiogenesis, whereas in group II there was complete trans transplant shunting of blood vessels communication. The results of this study pointed out that the porous TCP promoted extensive bone formation over the entire extension of the defect in comparison to control group, thus conforming their biological osteoconductive property. (c) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: beta-tricalcium phosphate; bone defects; radiography; histology; oxytetracycline labeling; angiography
Subjects: Processing Science
Depositing User: Bula Ghosh
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2012 12:19
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2016 10:12

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