Lahiri, Sayan and Sinhamahapatra, Somnath and Tripathi, Himansu Sekhar and Dana, Kausik (2016) Rationalizing the role of magnesia and titania on sintering of alpha-alumina. Ceramics International, 42 (14). pp. 15405-15413. ISSN 0272-8842

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The rationalization of selection of sintering additives for alpha-alumina was investigated using two oxides (MgO and TiO2) to discern their individual roles. Using both dynamic heating study in a thermo-mechanical analyzer and static heat treatment, the precise role of each oxide was established. Grain growth trajectory of different doped samples sintered at 1700 degrees C revealed that MgO neither significantly affected densification nor facilitated grain growth upto 1700 degrees C. MgO reacted with alumina to form spinel prior to the densification process. Thus it could not generate further extrinsic defects in corundum lattice during sintering, which usually facilitate densification. In contrast, TiO2 significantly enhanced the densification and promoted grain growth in alpha-alumina. At 1700 degrees C, the average grain size of titania doped samples were 7.7x larger than undoped ones and 10x larger than magnesia dopes samples. The sintered grains developed higher aspect ratio when TiO2 was used which may be ascribed to preferred growth of the 012 and 024 planes of corundum. The nearly perfect junction of grain boundaries meeting at similar to 120 degrees indicates absence of liquid phase and that the entire sintering process most probably took place in solid state for both MgO and TiO2 doped samples. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Refractories
Divisions: Refractory
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2016 07:20
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2016 07:20

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