Roy, Mouni and Naskar, Milan Kanti (2016) Alkali metal ion induced cube shaped mesoporous hematite particles for improved magnetic properties and efficient degradation of water pollutants. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 18 (30). pp. 20528-20541. ISSN 1463-9076

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Mesoporous cube shaped hematite (alpha-Fe2O3) particles were prepared using FeCl3 as an Fe3+ precursor and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bromide (ionic liquid) as a soft template in the presence of different alkali metal (lithium, sodium and potassium) acetates, under hydrothermal conditions at 150 degrees C/4 h followed by calcination at 350 degrees C. The formation of the alpha-Fe2O3 phase in the synthesized samples was confirmed by XRD, FTIR and Raman spectroscopy. Unlike K+ ions, intercalation of Li+ and Na+ ions occurred in alpha-Fe2O3 crystal layers as evidenced by XRD and Raman spectroscopy. Electron microscopy (FESEM and TEM) images showed the formation of cube-like particles of different sizes in the presence of Li+, Na+ and K+ ions. The mesoporosity of the products was confirmed by N-2 adsorption-desorption studies, while their optical properties were analyzed by UV-DRS. Na+ ion intercalated alpha-Fe2O3 microcubes showed improved coercivity (5.7 kOe) due to increased strain in crystals, and shape and magnetocrystalline anisotropy. Temperature dependent magnetization of the samples confirmed the existence of Morin temperature in the range of 199-260 K. Catalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB), a toxic water pollutant, was studied using the synthesized products via a heterogeneous photo-Fenton process. The degradation products were traced by electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The alpha-Fe2O3 microcubes obtained in the presence of Na+ ions exhibited a more efficient degradation of MB to non-toxic open chain products.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Environment and Pollution
Divisions: Sol Gel
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2016 10:57
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2016 10:57

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