Sikder, Prabaha and Sarkar, Soumya and Biswas, Kriti Gaurab and Das, Santanu and Basu, Sumantra and Das, Probal Kumar (2016) Improved densification and mechanical properties of spark plasma sintered carbon nanotube reinforced alumina ceramics. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 170. pp. 99-107. ISSN 0254-0584

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Dense magnesium oxide (MgO) doped multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) reinforced alumina (Al2O3) nanocomposites were fabricated using spark plasma sintering (SPS). Sintered nanocomposites possessed refined microstructure due to the presence of uniformly dispersed CNTs and ability of MgO to increase densification rate before onset of abnormal grain growth. Williamson-Hall analyses of XRD patterns indicated that matrix crystallite size (L-C) and lattice micro-strain (epsilon(C)) of the nanocomposites decreased by similar to 40% and >30%, respectively, than those of pure Al2O3 (L-C approximate to 75 nm, epsilon(C) = 1.54 x 10(-3)). Present investigation also depicted the suitability of CNT addition in Al2O3 towards achieving higher density of nanocomposites using low temperature (1300 degrees C) SPS. Addition of CNT (especially, at >= 0.6 vol.%) in highly electrically insulating matrix established an electrical percolating network that helped in local heating of matrix particles during SPS and led to higher densification. The highest changes in indentation fracture toughness at 1 kgf and wear rate at 20N normal load were obtained at only 0.6 vol.% MWCNT loading which were >22% higher and 35% lower, respectively, compared to pure Al2O3. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Divisions: Non-Oxide Ceramics & Composites
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 07 Nov 2016 11:41
Last Modified: 07 Nov 2016 11:41

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