Sujatha Devi, P and Banerjee, S (2008) Search for new oxide-ion conducting materials in the ceria family of oxides. Ionics, 14 (1). pp. 73-78. ISSN 0947-7047

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We have adopted a modified combustion route, namely, a mixed fuel process (MFP) to prepare a novel series of nano-crystalline single- and multiple-doped ceria compositions with controlled powder characteristics, large surface area, finer particle size, high sinterability, and high oxide ion conductivity at intermediate temperatures (500-700 degrees C). Using the mixed fuel process, we have prepared nano-particles of single- and multiple-doped ceria powders with dopants such as Ca, Gd, and Sm and a suitable combination of the same. In the pursuit for identifying new oxide-ion-conducting materials in this family of oxides, we have pursued the idea of co-doping effect on the single doped compositions with proper introduction of a second dopant. Effect of these dopants on the thermal decomposition and physico-chemical characteristics of the precursor and the powders prepared thereby were studied in detail. Finally, the effects of multiple co-doping on the microstructural and electrical properties were compared to understand the origin of the effect of dopant characteristics on the oxide ion conductivity of Ce1-x M (x) O-2 solid solutions. Our experimental results established unequivocally that co-doping is very effective in identifying new materials with remarkably high ionic conductivity with substantial reduction in the cost for technological applications. Among the studied compositions, the maximum conductivity with minimum activation energy was observed for the triply co-doped CCGS composition (sigma(600 degrees C) = 6.750 x 10(-2)S/cm; E-a=0.56 eV), which is much higher compared to the conductivity exhibited by most of the reported co-doped ceria compositions. In conclusion, an effective way to improve the oxide ion conductivity of ceria-based oxides by proper choice of dopants and co-doping is achieved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Processing Science
Depositing User: Bula Ghosh
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2012 10:28
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2012 05:46

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