Mukherjee, Susmita and Kundu, Biswanath and Chanda, Abhijit and Sen, Swarnendu (2015) Effect of functionalisation of CNT in the preparation of HAp-CNT biocomposites. Ceramics International, 41 (3, A). pp. 3766-3774. ISSN 0272-8842

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Hydroxyapatite (HAp) carbon nanotube (CNT) composites are being fabricated, where CNT acts as a reinforcement in the ceramic matrix. CNT improves the mechanical property of HAp and offers a potential implant material used for orthopaedic applications. In the present work, a comparative study is presented to analyse the effect of functionalisation on the properties of HAp-CNT nanocomposites, prepared by a simple shear mixing technique. The MWCNT chains were functionalised with carboxyl groups, confirmed through FUR spectra. FESEM and TEM results of the composites showed that for non-f-unctionalised chains, CNT molecules were present in sporadic clusters while the functionalised chains were found to be dispersed in the HAp matrix. Fractographs exhibited the presence of CNT chains acting as bridges across the cracks. Nanocomposites with functionalised CNT molecules exhibited better mechanical properties compared to non-functionalised ones as revealed through HV, K-1c, nano-indentation H and E estimation, flexural and compressive strength and impact resistance. This superiority of composite specimens may be attributed to the crack bridging action of the CNT. Both composites exhibited excellent haemocompatibility and incorporation of CNT molecules and functionalisation did not affect this. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.l. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Divisions: Bioceramics & Coating
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 31 Dec 2015 12:10
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2015 12:10

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