Mandal, Kaustab and Bhattacharjee, Debaleena and Roy, Partha Sarathi and Bhattacharya, Swapan Kumar and Dasgupta, Subrata (2015) Room temperature synthesis of Pd-Cu nanoalloy catalyst with enhanced electrocatalytic activity for the methanol oxidation reaction. Applied Catalysis A: General, 492. pp. 100-106. ISSN 0926-860X

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Bimetallic Pd-Cu nanoparticles with controllable size, composition and superior electrocatalytic activity towards methanol oxidation reaction (MOR) in alkaline media were synthesized by a facile room temperature soft chemical method. Pd-Cu nanoalloy catalysts (17-25 nm) were prepared by templating Pd2+ and Cu2+ with ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) followed by controlled chemical reduction of metal-EDTA complex with hydrazine in highly basic medium at room temperature without any protection with an inert gas atmosphere. X-ray diffraction pattern indicates that the particles have an alloy structure. FESEM, EDX, HRTEM and SAED results further support the formation of Pd-Cu nanoalloy. Compliance of the lattice spacing corresponding to (1 1 1) and (2 0 0) planes obtained from HRTEM and SAED results with XRD data confirms the formation of Pd-Cu nanoalloy at room temperature. By varying the Pd2+/Cu2+ molar ratio the compositions of these alloy NPs can be easily adjusted. The amount of Cu present in the Pd-Cu nanoalloy plays a key role on the catalytic activity for MOR in alkaline media. Upon increase in concentration of Cu in the Pd-Cu nanoalloy, the catalytic activity towards MOR increases, reaches a maximum in Pd-Cu(3:1) nanoalloy and then decreases. The maximum mass activity of 659.4mA mg(-1) of Pd obtained in the present work for the synthesized Pd-Cu(3 :1) nanoalloy is much better than literature reported value. Multi-scan cyclic voltammetry and chronoamperometric studies confirm the electrocatalytic activity and stability of the synthesized electrode material. The present catalyst with low noble metal content promotes its practical use as anodes under alkaline conditions in direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC). (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Divisions: Ceramic Membrane
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 31 Dec 2015 06:47
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2015 06:47

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