Mandal, Kaustab and Bhattacharjee, Debaleena and Dasgupta, Subrata (2015) Synthesis of nanoporous PdAg nanoalloy for hydrogen generation from formic acid at room temperature. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 40 (14). pp. 4786-4793. ISSN 0360-3199

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A new one pot, surfactant-free, room temperature synthetic route based on coreduction of Pd2+ and Ag+ salt by ascorbic acid has been developed for the synthesis of PdxAg1-x nanoparticles (NPs). The nanoporous structure of the PdxAg1-x nanoalloy having spherical ligaments is confirmed by XRD, FESEM, EDX, TEM, HRTEM, SAED and XPS studies. The nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherm (BET) of PdxAg1-x NPs can be classified as type V which is characteristic of a solid with mesopores. Some of the PdxAg1-x nanoporous nanoalloy catalyst thus prepared exhibit high activity towards H-2 generation with an extremely high selectivity and stability in formic acid (FA) dehydrogenation. The catalytic activity towards H2 generation from FA followed the trend of Pd0.5Ag0.5 > Pd0.6Ag0.4 > Pd0.67Ag0.33 > Pd0.75Ag0.25 approximate to Pd. Rate of FA decomposition closely follow the first order kinetics. The recycle test results of the Pd0.5Ag0.5 nanocatalyst show no significant decrease in catalytic activity over five cycles. The catalysts can be regenerated by simply rinsing with water followed by drying at room temperature. It is believed that this low cost, selective and efficient CO-free H2 generation system at room temperature will promote its application in different devices like FA driven fuel cells. Copyright (C) 2015, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Divisions: Ceramic Membrane
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 31 Dec 2015 06:47
Last Modified: 31 Dec 2015 06:47

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