Maiti, Sandipan and Pramanik, Atin and Mahanty, Sourindra (2015) Influence of imidazolium-based ionic liquid electrolytes on the performance of nano-structured MnO2 hollow spheres as electrochemical supercapacitor. RSC Advances, 5 (52). pp. 41617-41626. ISSN 2046-2069

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Use of room temperature ionic liquids (ILs) as electrolytes with a wider potential window offers scope for developing high energy density supercapacitors for efficient energy storage. In this work, a comparative study on the performance of nanostructured MnO2 hollow spheres as electrochemical supercapacitor was made by fabricating activated carbon (AC)//MnO2 asymmetric supercapacitor cells using imidazolium-based ILs as electrolytes. Mesoporous MnO2 hollow spheres were synthesized through a simple low temperature (80 degrees C) solvothermal method by reduction of KMnO4 under acidic condition in presence of Cu-3(1,3,5-benzenetricarboxylate)(2) metal organic framework (MOF) in the precursor solution, which acts as the source of Cu2+ playing a crucial role for the formation of the hollow spheres. Four different ILs were investigated from combinations of two different cations 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium (EMI+) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium (BMI+)] and four different anions hexaflurophosphate (PF6(-)), tetrafluoroborate (BF4(-)), trifluromethanesulfonate (Otf(-)) and bis(trifluromethylsulfonyl) imide (TFSI-)]. Influences of the physico-chemical properties such as ionic size, nucleophilicity, viscosity of the IL on the electrochemical properties are discussed. A high energy density of 163 W h kg(-1), which is comparable to the energy density of a lithium-ion battery, could be achieved with EMIMBF4 as electrolyte. The present findings would help in further research for developing IL-based supercapacitors.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Electronics
Divisions: Fuel Cell and Battery
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 30 Dec 2015 12:17
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2016 10:07

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