Chakravarty, Amrita and Biswas, Sampad Kumar (2015) Enrichment of Metallic Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes with Simultaneous Purification by Nitric Acid Treatment. Fullerenes, Nanotubes and Carbon Nanostructures, 23 (6). pp. 542-548. ISSN 1536-383X

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Controlled treatment of pristine single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) with HNO3 (11 M) for 20 hours at 50 degrees C with subsequent repeated cycles of washing, centrifugation and ultrasonication in aqueous media have shown enrichment of the product with pure and debundled nanotubes of metallic variety. On the other hand, no such enrichment was observed when the tubes were treated with a mixture of concentrated nitric acid and sulfuric acid. The electrical varieties of the tubes were ascertained from the analysis of Raman and UV-Vis spectra and dc-resistivities. The purity of the product was gauged from transmission electron microscope images, energy dispersive spectra, thermogravimetric analysis and Raman spectra. A mechanism involving preferential attack of NO3- on the semiconducting tubes under the condition of the adopted protocol has been proposed from the comparison of the results after the treatment of the same pristine SWCNT with mixed acid (conc. HNO3 and H2SO4).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Divisions: Nano-Structured Materials
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 29 Dec 2015 11:29
Last Modified: 29 Dec 2015 11:29

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