Pramanik, Sourav and Mishra, Manish Kumar and De, Goutam (2014) Crystal structure tailoring of Au–Cu alloy NPs using the embedding film matrix as template. CrystEngComm, 16 (1). pp. 56-63. ISSN 1499-8033

PDF - Cover Image
Download (1125Kb) | Preview
PDF - Published Version
Download (6Mb) | Preview


Au–Cu alloy nanoparticles (NPs) were grown in three different dielectric film matrices by the sol–gel method in order to see the influence of the embedding matrices on the crystal structure of the alloy NPs. The chosen film matrices were TiO2 (anatase; tetragonal), ZrO2 (cubic) and SiO2 (amorphous). Au and Cu salts (1 : 1 molar ratio) doped MO2 (M = Ti, Zr and Si) sols were prepared keeping the total metal concentration same (M : MO2 = 1 : 9) in all the three cases, and used them for coating deposition on silica glass substrates. Heat-treatment of the films in air at 500 °C resulted in removal of organics, formation of metallic Au NPs and matrix crystallization (tetragonal and cubic in cases of TiO2 and ZrO2, respectively; SiO2 remained amorphous). Further heat-treatment in reducing atmosphere (10% H2–90% Ar/500 °C) induced the reduction of Cu ions with simultaneous formation of Au–Cu alloy NPs. In cases of TiO2 and ZrO2 films, formation of equiatomic Au1Cu1 alloy NPs were completed whereas Au3Cu1 alloy NPs was found to be formed in SiO2 under the similar experimental conditions. Structural analyses confirmed the formation of ordered face centred tetragonal (fct) and disordered face centred cubic (fcc) Au–Cu NPs in cases of TiO2 and ZrO2 matrices, respectively. Thus tetragonal (anatase TiO2) and cubic (ZrO2) structures of the embedding film matrices acted as templates to nucleate and subsequent growth of the Au–Cu order (fct) and disorder (fcc) alloy nanocrystals, respectively. Cubic Au3Cu1 alloy NPs was also formed in amorphous SiO2; however, without any structural influence of the matrix alloy formation could not be completed at such a low temperature.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cover page image
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Divisions: Nano-Structured Materials
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2015 11:18
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2015 11:18

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item