Ghosh, Saptarshi and Narjinary, Mousumi and Sen, Amarnath and Bandyopadhyay, Rajib and Roy, Somenath (2014) Fast detection of low concentration carbon monoxide using calcium-loaded tin oxide sensors. Sensors and Actuators B-Chemical, 203. pp. 490-496. ISSN 0925-4005

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Solid state sensors with noble metal-loaded tin oxide as sensing elements are widely used for the detection of flammable and toxic gases and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Apart from rendering high cost, incorporation of noble metals often increases the preconditioning time and introduces a drift in baseline properties of the sensors. Herein, we report on the development of stable and economically viable sensor modules for fast and efficient detection of carbon monoxide (CO) in air. The sensing layer comprises sonochemically synthesized calcium-loaded tin oxide (Ca-SnO2) nanocrystals, in which calcium primarily gets segregated at the SnO2 grain boundaries as calcium oxide (CaO) and thereby restricts the growth of SnO2 particles. Due to larger ionic radius of Ca2+ as compared to that of Sn4+, a minute quantity of calcium can be doped as well into the SnO2 lattice. The variation of calcium concentration in SnO2 has a prominent effect on the sensor performance, where 5 wt% calcium loading shows the highest sensor response. The sensors exhibit a lower detection limit of 1 ppm CO in air. The response time (10-12 s) and recovery time (30-45 s) of our sensors, for different concentrations of CO, are equivalent or less compared to those of commercially available metal-oxide sensors. Additionally, a highly stable baseline with minimal drift even after being operational for over 1.5 years is observed. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Electronics
Divisions: Sensor and Actuator
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2014 10:37
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 10:37

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