Maiti, Debabrata and Manju, Unnikrishnan and SujathaVelaga, Srihari and Sujatha Devi, P (2013) Phase evolution and growth of iron oxide nanoparticles: Effect of hydrazine addition during sonication. Crystal Growth & Design, 13 (8). pp. 3637-3644. ISSN 1528-7483

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The phase evolution of iron oxide was monitored by carefully controlling the addition of hydrazine monohydrate (N2H4 center dot H2O) during ultrasonication. The manner in which hydrazine was added affected the hydrolysis of iron(III) nitrate resulting in two different phases of iron oxides such as maghemite (gamma-Fe2O3) or goethite (alpha-FeOOH) as the major products. The formation of ferric hydroxide and Fe2+ during the addition of hydrazine monohydrate to iron salt solution at low pH was confirmed by structure analysis and 1,10-phenanthroline tests, respectively. Synchrotron X-ray diffraction analysis confirmed the formation of spherical maghemite (gamma-Fe2O3) during dropwise addition of hydrazine, whereas the formation of rod-shaped goethite (alpha-FeOOH) was confirmed by the instantaneous addition of hydrazine. Through these experiments, we were able to unequivocally establish the importance of hydrazine addition in controlling the phase formation and growth of iron oxide nanoparticles during sonication.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Crystal Chemistry, Thermodynamics, Phase Equilibria
Divisions: Nano-Structured Materials
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2014 08:29
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2016 15:48

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