Chakraborty, Akshoy Kumar (1992) Resolution of thermal peaks of kaolinite in thermomechanical analysis and differential thermal analysis studies. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 75 (7). pp. 2013-2016. ISSN 0002-7820

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The recent findings for the kaolinite metakaolinite, cubic-mullite, and orthorhombic-mullite reaction series have been thoroughly examined by differential thermomechanical analysis (DTMA) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). Metakaolinite shows two differential contraction peaks in the vicinity of 980-degrees-C caused by final dehydroxylation at the endothermic dip just before 980-degrees-C in DTA with expulsion of 35-37 wt% SiO2, formation of a defect aluminosilicate phase and simultaneous contraction of the latter phase, and crystallization of cubic mullite at the 980-degrees-C exotherm in DTA. Mullitization takes place in two simultaneous reaction steps: (i) polymorphic transformation of cubic mullite to orthorhombic mullite during the approximately 1250-degrees-C exotherm shown by DTA which coincides with the differential expansion peak in DTMA and (ii) nucleation followed by crystallization of orthorhombic mullite from the residual aluminosilicate compact phase during the approximately 1330-degrees-C exotherm shown by DTA. The aluminosilicate formed during the large differential contraction at 1100-degrees-1400-degrees-C as shown by DTMA. These results, obtained by the two physical techniques, corroborate earlier findings of the kaolinite transformation series.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Microstructure and Characterization
Structural Clay Products
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2013 09:31
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2014 08:49

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