Chatterjee, Minati and Ganguli, Dibyendu (1986) Alkoxy-derived monodisperse silica microspheres: the role of solvents in synthesis. Transactions of the Indian Ceramic Society, 45 (4). pp. 95-99. ISSN 0371-750X

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Monodisperse, ultrafine, spherical particles of amorphous silica were produced by the hydrolysis of tetraethyl orthosilicate under a variety of experimental conditions with methanol, ethanol, 1-propanol and 2-propanol as solvents. 1- and iso-butanol, acetone and 1, 4-dioxan produced non-spherical agglomerates under equivalent conditions. The smallest size and narrowest size range of the spherical particles were observed for the product generated from methanolic solutions. Attempts were made to correlate solvent characteristics, e.g. polarity and viscosity with the time lag of precipitation after onset of reaction, and particle size. It was indicated that under specific conditions, the nature of the solvent could also determine the nature of the polymeric aggregation in the precipitated particles.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Crystal Chemistry, Thermodynamics, Phase Equilibria
Divisions: Sol Gel
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2013 12:10
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2016 17:39

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