Mukhopadhyay, Madhumita and Mukhopadhyay, Jayanta and Das Sharma, Abhijit and Basu, Rajendra Nath (2013) Effect of anode configuration on electrical properties and cell polarization in planar anode supported SOFC. Solid State Ionics, 233. pp. 20-31. ISSN 0167-2738

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A detailed investigation is carried out to correlate configurational variation of SOFC anode with electrical characterizations. For this purpose, Ni-YSZ cermet anode (28-32 vol.% Ni) having a novel core-shell microstructure (prepared by electroless technique) has been used in conjunction with conventional cermet (40 vol.% Ni). Depending upon the thickness, electroless cermet is used in two configurations, viz. (i) as layered anode and (ii) as anode active layers (AAL). Thicknesses of electroless layer are varied sequentially for both these configurations for inducing functionality in the cermet. Layered anode with 140 mu m electroless layer (32 vol.% Ni) shows maximum electrical conductivity (644 Scm(-1)) with only 7% degradation after 20 redox cycles at 800 degrees C. A theoretical approach is attempted to explain the overall cell polarization behavior and to quantify the polarization components. Single cells fabricated with electroless AAL show lowest polarization (similar to 0.3 with minimum contribution of charge transfer and concentration polarization. As a result, single cell having such a thin (similar to 15 mu m) AAL, exhibits the highest electrochemical performance (similar to 3.7 with significant low degradation rate (2.8% 1000 h(-1)) at 800 degrees C, 0.7 V. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Electronics
Divisions: Fuel Cell and Battery
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2013 09:23
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2016 18:13

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