Bera, Susanta and Pal, Moumita and Sarkar, Saswati and Jana, Sunirmal (2013) Dependence of precursor composition on patterning and morphology of sol-gel soft lithography based zinc zirconium oxide thin films. Applied Surface Science, 273. pp. 39-48. ISSN 0169-4332

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Array-like surface patterned zinc zirconium oxide thin films (135-163 nm thickness) on soda lime silica glass substrate were prepared by sol-gel soft lithography from the precursor solutions (8 wt% equivalent metal oxides) having zinc acetate dihydrate (ZA) and zirconium oxychloride octahydrate (ZOO = 0-100 mol% w.r.t. ZA) in ethanol-2-butanol medium with acetylacetone. The ZOO concentration in solutions strongly influenced the pattern formation, crystallinity, morphology and optical property of the films. The films were crystalline in nature and enriched with only h-ZnO or a mixture of h-ZnO and c-ZrO2 below 55 mol% of ZOO content. On increasing ZOO concentration, a systematic change in morphology of h-ZnO nano/micro crystals from spherical to rod-shaped to sunflower-like particles was evident from electron microscopes (FESEM and TEM). Below 30 and above 65 mol% of ZOO, light surface patterns formed. However, the films from 30 to 65 mol% ZOO containing solutions evident distinct surface patterns with average periodicity, 1.5 mu m and peak height, 20-70 nm by AFM measurements. The films were also characterized by UV-vis and FTIR spectral studies. Water and chloride contents from ZOO in the precursor solutions found to play a key role for generation of the film characteristics. (C) 2013 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Divisions: Sol Gel
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2013 09:15
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2016 16:35

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