Maity, Anwesha and Kalita, Dipul and Kayal, Nijhuma and Goswami, Tridip and Chakrabarti, Omprakash and Rao, Paruchuri Gangadhar (2012) Synthesis of biomorphic SiC ceramics from coir fibreboard preform. Ceramics International, 38 (8). pp. 6873-6881. ISSN 0272-8842

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Coir fibre, an agricultural waste material of immense economic importance in Indian subcontinent, was used as a precursor to biomorphic SiC ceramics. Fibreboards made of coir fibres were converted to carbon templates by controlled thermal processing. Plant material precursors were characterised by analysis of molecular composition, by determination of bulk density and by scanning electron microscopy. Carbon templates were characterised by measurement of dimensional shrinkages, mass loss and bulk density and by scanning electron microscopy and XRD. The carbon templates were further subjected to infiltration with liquid Si at 1550 C under vacuum, when spontaneous infiltration and reaction yielded composite ceramics preserving the morphology of native coir fibre derived precursors on macro and micro scale. The resulting material had a density of 2.59 g cm(-3) and, on a microstructural scale, contained SiC and Si in addition to carbon (trace) and porosity (2 vol%). The end ceramics offered room temperature flexural strength of 116 MPa and elastic modulus of 167 GPa. Fractographic examination indicated brittle failure. The biomorphic SiC material derived from coir fibreboard precursor is likely to be suitable for use in advanced engineering applications as structural ceramics. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd and Techna Group S.r.I. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Processed bio-precursor; SiSiC composite; Material property; Mechanical property
Subjects: Engineering Materials
Divisions: Non-Oxide Ceramics & Composites
Depositing User: Bidhan Chaudhuri
Date Deposited: 14 Jan 2013 11:34
Last Modified: 14 Jan 2013 11:34

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